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How To Prevent Tooth Decay

Here's a general review of tooth decay and how fluoride plays a part in preventing tooth decay.

Tooth Decay

Enamel of teeth is very tough but is porous. The tooth's internal structure gets damaged when the acid produced by plaque, which forms on the surface, oozes into the miniscule empty spaces of the teeth. If left untreated, this can lead to formation of a cavity due to creation of weak spot by the oozing acid. The above process is called cell demineralization.



Common places in which decay occurs are

  • Biting Surfaces
  • Around already present fillings
  • Amidst two teeth
  • Roots which are exposed

Unless proper treatment is taken, cell demineralization can damage the whole tooth.

Decay then further gains entry into the pulp which is a soft area in the centre made of living tissue.


Fluoride's Role

Demineralization of the cell is possible by optimal consumption of fluoride which hampers the enamel breakdown process, eventually preventing tooth decay. Fluoride consumption also makes the new enamel crystals more resistant to acids as it makes the enamel tougher.


Treatment and prevention of Tooth Decay

Here are few sources of fluoride

  • Drinking water containing fluoride
  • Toothpaste
  • Mouthwash

If the water you drink daily is devoid of fluoride then consult with our dentists who will suggest you alternatives like fluoride gels with high fluoride concentration, mouthwashes, tablets or oral drops.

Fluoridated toothpaste which has the Cavity Protection feature should be regularly used to help the weak spots regain their strength and prevent tooth decay in early stages. According to statistics, about 41% fewer cavities were formed in patients who used toothpaste with Cavity Protection feature as compared to patients who used normal toothpaste.

Flossing after regular brushing along with professional cleaning are the best ways to avoid tooth decay and maintain oral health.